But the main thing that you are doing here is telling the reader what the main question is for your research and how this question has been studied in the past. And why it is important.
Ultimately, your introduction should be very linear. Each sentence should point toward the next sentence, with this section culminating in a way that makes your research question obviously important and ready to be studied. After your introduction, you have your Method section. This section should be written as if you are writing down a cookie recipe for someone across the world to follow.
Your goal is to have that person bake the cookies in a way that is exactly like you and your mom make them! The Method section describes the methods by which you collected your data. Who were the participants? What variables did you measure?
How did you measure them? After you describe your methods for data collection, you need to describe what you found. This is your Results section. Here, you describe how you analyzed your data. You might say that you calculated a correlation coefficient between the two main variables in this example, extraversion and risk taking.
You might say how large that effect was and if that effect was in the predicted direction. Your study might have many variables and even experimental manipulations. You might have a lot to say when it comes to your results! This said, always remember that your audience is a person who has limited time and who probably cares about your research way less than you do. So, as is always the case, be parsimonious in writing your Results section.
That is, make sure that your writing is streamlined and to the point. Next, you write your Discussion section. Here, you step back and, literally, discuss your results in a broader sense. What are the implications of your findings?
Were you correct with your predictions? Do your findings match past findings on this topic? Do your data tell the world something new? Were there problems and limitations in your data-collection process? What is your bottom-line conclusion—why does your research matter? In APA format, you need to then provide a References section. Here, you present the required information on the scholarly sources that you used in your research. It pains me to say this, but typically, Psychology Today does not count!
Here, you will cite academic journal articles that have already been peer-reviewed and published. You may also cite academic books, book chapters, and similar sources. Generally, you should NOT cite websites. See your university's library for information on what all constitutes a scholarly sources. The library should be full of these kinds of sources!
And here is a tip regarding your References section: The easiest way for someone to spot shoddy APA style is found in your References section. The formatting rules are super-clear and specific. Indent after the first line within each reference. Italicize journal titles. Mastering these details is not really that difficult. I personally like to simply check out the details found in the APA sample paper found here.
As I tell my students, just follow it! If it is italicized there, italicize it. If the page numbers are listed after the volume number of the journal in the example paper, then do that. If the first words of the journal in a reference are capitalized, then do that.
The easiest way to look like an amateur in this field is to botch your APA style when it comes to references. APA style may seem arbitrary and unforgiving. But the rules that comprise APA style have, in fact, been well-honed over the years to help present scientific findings in a coherent and meaningful way. Mastering APA is, in fact, an essential part of a psychology education.
If you want people in the field to give your ideas any credence whatsoever, make sure that your APA skills are sharp as a tack. Geher, G.
Own Your Psychology Major! A Guide to Student Success. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition APA Sample Paper: www. I hope that your article can help me finally pass my Academic Skills assignments. Glenn Geher, Ph.
When evolution, human sexuality, and the Western world collide. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. While some may differ slightly in minor areas, the APA style is the accepted format for publication.
Here are some writing tips for APA-style research papers. The best tip for writers of research papers is to become familiar with the APA style and write your reports and papers according to their guidelines. By doing this, any specific changes that a particular journal may require will only demand minor changes to your draft before submitting.
The basic sections of a scientific report or paper are the abstract, introduction, method experimental, hypothesis , results and conclusions. Each of these sections has very basic formats and requirements for the content. An examination of each section will allow you to both plan your research and be prepared to report it correctly. The abstract of any scientific paper is designed to reveal what research was performed and to give a very brief summary of the results obtained. According to the APA Style Guide, the abstract of a research paper is to be around words and include approximately one sentence for each of the sections of the paper.
The introduction is much more extensive in scope. It includes a comprehensive review of the literature concerning the topic of research and attempts to convey what is known about the topic of interest. The introduction also explains, as descriptively and accurately as possible, the basics of the topic of interest and of what will be done to investigate it further.
A short discussion of the proposed research in light of what is currently known is undertaken. The method section is sometimes referred to as the experimental section. This section is used to describe not only how the research was done, but also what was used during the research. An example of a chemical or physical experiment would include all the equipment used in the experiment. All hardware used is listed by name, model number and manufacturer.
We also recommend the Capital Community College online Library and Information Skills Tutorial as an introduction to using library and online resources. Generate APA citations. Writing the main body of your APA research paper Remember that wring a research paper with apa format is what sets it apart from the rest of the academic writings. Emails are sent monthly for each topic. The rest of the pages should not include this in the page header. Here, you are summarizing your topic for the audience and showing its relevance to the existing research.